A Comparative Analysis of Field Oriented Control and Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drive

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Prof. N. D. Mehta, Dr. A. M. Haque, Dr. M. K. Shah

Abstract

Electric Motor Drive System is employed in the various industrial applications such as pumping, air blowing, cooling and compression refrigeration. The motor drive speed control can be achieved by variety of techniques, but an emerging one is Variable Frequency Drive System (VFDS). The motor driven equipment on a typical industrial site accounts for approximately two thirds of the electricity consumption. Now-a-days induction motor is the main work-horse of the industries. So controlling of performance of induction motor is most precisely required in many high performance applications. Scalar control method gives good steady state response but poor dynamic response. While vector control method gives good steady state as well as dynamic response. But it is complicated in structure so to overcome this difficulty, direct torque control introduced. This paper discusses the comparative analysis of Field Oriented Control (FOC) and Direct Torque Control (DTC) methods of Polyphase Induction Motor (PIM) according to their working principle, structure complexity, performance, merits and demerits.

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