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The introduction of the Tesla in 2008 demonstrated the possibility of public electric vehicles to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation industry. It catapulted electric vehicles into the spotlight around the world when, due to growing demand and fossil fuel prices, they reached unanticipatedly high levels at a time when emerging countries required significant economic growth. Electric automobiles' energy storage capacity, as well as the grid's expected erratic discharge and loading, provide significant operational and maintenance issues. For large numbers of vehicles to be integrated with the smart grid and electric vehicles, optimal preparation approaches are critical. Greenhouse gas emissions are one of the most serious environmental issues, and their rates are increasing rapidly as the world becomes more industrialised. Solar energy for transportation can help to solve this problem. The goal of the proposed effort is to include a green energy-supporting technology; imagine a situation in which we can utilise photovoltaic energy to charge vehicles that are integrated into the vehicle. The research highlights the functional aspects of electric vehicles and provides an illustrated literature analysis on recent breakthroughs in the field. The main components of an electric car with a solar photovoltaic system are also explained in the research report. The study is beneficial in gaining a better grasp of the properties and issues in the realm of electric vehicles.